Donate Now

Bird Sightings

Madera Canyon Birds: Summer 2014

A complete checklist of Madera Canyon birds is available for download on the Friends web site here and in print at the Visitor Information Station as you enter the canyon and in some brochure boxes attached to trail map panels in the canyon. To learn what unusual species are being seen in the canyon and in southeast Arizona generally, go to the local birding hotline on the web at:

Please do not smoke or light any fires anywhere in the canyon.

General Summary:

Spring migrants came through in about average numbers and many were early. Some however may even be present as summer begins. Most of the species the Canyon host in the summer have arrived. Blue Grosbeaks and Varied Buntings are now present in the lower half of the canyon. Sulphur-bellied Flycatchers may be heard and seen along Madera Creek anywhere above the Madera Picnic Area. Red-faced Warblers are on the upper trails. A recent survey found a minimum of 16 Elegant Trogons in the Madera Canyon basin, up 5 birds from last year. The big excitement in the Canyon, or more accurately just outside of the Canyon, is the return of Buff-collared Nightjars.

More Bird Possibilities:

Red-tailed Hawks and Turkey Vultures are often encountered in and around the Canyon. They may be seen soaring over the grasslands and the canyon or perched on power poles along Whitehouse Canyon Road. Rare to uncommon on the grasslands are Swainson's Hawk (uncommon), American Kestrel (rare), and Black Vulture (occasional). Cooper's Hawk breed throughout the canyon wherever other larger raptors are not. A few Northern Goshawks and Zone-tailed Hawks breed in remote areas of the canyon. Goshawks are more often heard than seen from the upper elevations trails. Zone-tails may be seen soaring anywhere in the canyon and even over the grasslands. Golden Eagles are breeding nearby in the Santa Ritas and may be seen hunting for prey in the canyon and over the grasslands. Keep watch for Short-tailed Hawk which may be a summer resident in the Santa Ritas. Gray Hawks are nesting for the third year in the canyon. Harris' Hawks are not likely in the canyon but may be found hunting in Green Valley.

Three species of quail can be found around the canyon. Gambel's Quail are common in the desert scrub at lower elevations. Scaled Quail are very uncommon in the grasslands below the Canyon. Within the canyon, the only quail to be encountered is the sought after Montezuma Quail. They may be heard from the trails traversing the oak-savannah habitat. If seen, it is most often as they flush from under foot. In the late summer, there is the opportunity to see family groups scurrying along the hillsides. Wild Turkeys can be found throughout, from the canyon bottom to the higher elevation oak covered slopes and occasionally out on the grasslands.

White-winged and Mourning Doves are common throughout the lower portions of the canyon during the summer, particularly near feeders. Band-tailed Pigeons breed in the higher elevations and wander widely each day while foraging for food (mostly acorns). Individuals or small flocks can be found throughout the canyon, as far down as the Santa Rita Lodge. An Inca Dove has spent the spring near Madera Kubo and may continue into the summer; generally they are rare in the canyon. Greater Roadrunners are often found along Whitehouse Canyon Rd towards Green Valley. Yellow-billed Cuckoos are uncommon visitors to the riparian areas of the lower canyon, more likely to be heard than seen.

Seven species of Owls occur in the Madera Canyon, they are difficult to find during the day but can be heard after dusk. Great Horned Owls are most often encountered (heard) from the lower portion of the canyon. Western Screech-Owls are uncommon in desert washes and along Proctor Rd. Whiskered Screech-Owls are common within the canyon, they can be heard from any of the parking/picnic areas from Whitehouse upwards. Elf Owls are usually the most common owl in the warmer months; they can be heard from the grasslands all the way to the Mt Wrightson Picnic Area. Northern Pygmy-Owls occur throughout the canyon from the Madera Picnic Area up and can sometimes be heard calling during the daytime. Spotted and Flammulated Owls inhabit the forests of the upper canyon (beyond the Wrightson Picnic Area) and are difficult to find because of scarcity and remoteness.

Lesser Nighthawks may be seen between dusk and dawn along Madera Canyon Rd. Common Poorwills call from the base of the mountains and the grasslands most of the summer and occasionally sit on Madera Canyon Rd at night. Mexican Whip-poor-wills call in the upper portions of the canyon at night and rarely can be flushed from the upper trails in the day. Buff-collared Nightjars have returned to Madera Canyon; two have been heard and seen along Proctor Road from the crossing of Madera Creek (dry) and for the next half mile. Others nightjars that were present last summer have yet to be rediscovered. White-throated Swifts may be seen near rocky cliffs around the perimeter of the canyon and down in the canyon leading summer storms.

North-bound migration of hummingbirds is over, nesting is well underway, post-breeding wandering begins in June, and south-bound migration begins in July. Hummingbirds concentrate near feeding stations at the Chuparosa B&B, Madera Kubo, Santa Rita Lodge, and the Bog Spring Campground Host. Broad-billed and Black-chinned are the most common hummingbirds in the canyon. Less common but resident in the canyon are Anna's, Magnificent, and Blue-throated (rare) Hummingbirds. White-eared and Berylline Hummingbirds, though rare have been found in the canyon near annually in the summer. Broad-tailed Hummingbirds nest high in the pine forest, wandering to feeding stations in the late summer along with south-bound Rufous and Calliope (rare) Hummingbirds. Costa's Hummingbirds have completed breeding in the desert and may wander into the canyon during the summer. Violet-crowned Hummingbirds (rare) attempted nesting in the Canyon in previous summers, look for them at the feeding stations along Madera Creek. Lucifer and Allen's are rare and not reliably found in the canyon. White-eared Hummingbird has already been reported this summer. A hummingbird monitoring research program is conducted in nearby Florida Canyon. For details and the 2014 schedule, see

Elegant Trogons are well into nesting. They usually nest in holes created by broken branches or woodpeckers in sycamore trees. Watch and listen for them along the creeks from the Amphitheater up to the Carrie Nation Trail, at the beginning of the Super Trail and the side drainages near Bog and Kent Springs. A May 24, 2014 survey of trogons found at least sixteen individuals present in Madera Canyon.

Ladder-backed, Arizona, and Acorn Woodpeckers, and Northern Flickers are common. Gila Woodpeckers and Gilded Flickers are common around Green Valley, not in the Canyon.

Many species of flycatchers may be found in the canyon during the summer. Greater and Western Wood-Pewees are common in the upper portions of the canyon. There may be a colony of Buff-breasted Flycatchers in the burned sections of the Old Baldy Trail near Josephine Saddle. Sulphur-bellied and Cordilleran Flycatchers are common along the stream courses. Black and Say's Phoebes nest near Proctor Rd. Dusky-capped, Ash-throated and Brown-crested Flycatchers can be found throughout the canyon and are best separated by voice. Cassin's and Western Kingbirds are found in the desert scrub and grasslands at and below Proctor Rd. Vermilion Flycatcher, Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet, and Rose-throated Becard rarely stray to the canyon.

Loggerhead Shrikes may be seen sitting on the power lines along Whitehouse Canyon Rd. Bell's Vireo is common in the shrubby washes at and below Proctor Rd. Three species of Vireos nest higher in the canyon; Plumbeous being most common throughout, Warbling common in the upper canyon, and a few Hutton's in the oaks.

Mexican Jays are a standard feature of the Canyon. Steller's Jays are in the fir forest high on the mountains but are not common. Common Ravens are the more common of the two ravens in the Canyon. Some flocks of Chihuahuan Ravens occur in the mesquite grasslands. Western Scrub-Jays are rare.

Swallows are uncommon in the canyon during summer. A few Violet-green Swallows may nest in the pine and fir forest at high elevation. Northern Rough-winged and Barn Swallows are sometimes encountered on the grasslands near water tanks. Other swallow species are rare.

White-breasted Nuthatches, Bridled Titmouse, and Bushtits are common in the juniper-oak woodlands. Red-breasted and Pygmy Nuthatches have been absent for the most part recently; they might be encountered in the pines at higher elevations. Verdins are permanent residents and can be found in mesquites at and below Proctor.

Five species of wrens summer in or near the canyon. Cactus Wrens nest in the scrubby desert below Proctor. House, Bewick's, and Canyon Wrens can be found (mostly heard) throughout the canyon. Rock Wrens are rarely encountered because their favored habitat is along the crest and summit of Mt Wrightson where few birders venture. Blue-gray Gnatcatchers spend the summer on the oak-savannah hillsides of the canyon. Black-tailed Gnatcatchers occupy the mesquite grasslands and washes. Black-capped Gnatcatchers have been difficult to find recently, if they show up again, it will probably be near the stream crossing at Proctor Road.

A few American Robins nest in the canyon from about 5,000 feet up. Bluebirds of any type are uncommon in the canyon, but check for both Eastern and Western Bluebirds at higher elevations where they nest. Hermit Thrushes are common all year and nest in the woodlands up the Canyon. Northern Mockingbirds and Curve-billed Thrashers can usually be found along Whitehouse Canyon Rd. Crissal Thrashers can sometimes be found where the Proctor trail crosses the road and stream. Phainopeplas are occur in the mesquite grassland but are inconspicuous during the summer.

The following warblers may be found in the canyon during the summer months: Virginia's, Lucy's (mesquite grasslands), Yellow (rare), Yellow-rumped (pine-fir), Black-throated Gray, Townsend's (August), Hermit (August), Grace's (pines), Wilson's (rare), Red-faced (above 6000 ft el), and Olive Warbler (pines) along with Painted Redstart and sometimes Yellow-breasted Chat.

Hepatic, Summer, and Western Tanagers are common nesters in the canyon. A few Northern Cardinals and Pyrrhuloxias can be found in the mesquite grasslands on the way up to the canyon. Black-headed Grosbeaks are the commonest seed-eater at feeders. Blue Grosbeaks are more common at lower elevations below the canyon but may be found at feeders farther up canyon. Varied Buntings nest commonly near Florida Wash and up to Proctor once the summer rains begin.

Canyon Towhees can usually be found around the Proctor parking area. Spotted Towhees are common in summer near Josephine Saddle, particularly in old burn areas. Summer Sparrows out in the grasslands and desert include: Botteri's, Cassin's, Rufous-winged, and Black-throated. Rufous-crowned Sparrows may be found around Proctor Rd and in scrub oaks around the perimeter of the canyon. Yellow-eyed Juncos nest high on the mountain and are rare below 6000 ft elevation in summer.

Eastern (Lilian's) Meadowlark is common and sometimes Western Meadowlarks may be heard in the grasslands. Scott's Orioles are common in the canyon. Hooded Orioles may be found in the riparian areas of Madera Creek from Proctor to the Chuparosa Inn. Bullock's Oriole is less common and more likely below Proctor along Madera Creek. Bronzed and Brown-headed Cowbirds may be around seed feeders at the Lodge. Lesser Goldfinches and House Finches dominate the feeders in the canyon. Other cardueline finches are rare in the canyon in spring and summer.

To view or print a copy of the new Madera Canyon check list click here.

To learn more about past hummingbird research in the Canyon go to and click on Hummingbird Research at the top of the page.

For more about hummingbirds in southeastern Arizona and the monitoring program go to and

To learn what unusual species are being seen in the canyon and Arizona in general, link to:

If you see an unusual bird or one not on this or the bird check list – please let us know by writing an email to: or Calling the Tucson Audubon Rare Bird Alert 520-629-0510 x 3

Laurens Halsey, for the Friends of Madera Canyon

Editor's Note: Additional birding information is available at Laurens' birding and nature guiding site, Desert Harrier.